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Hondros and Hetherington: War and peace in Liberia

November 9, 2018

Exhibition

American photographers Tim Hetherington and Chris Hondros’ powerful images played an important role in moving the world to action and ultimately bringing the Liberian Civil Wars (1999-2003) to an end.

Monrovia, Liberia - July 26, 2003: A woman grieves over the body of a relative outside a church in Monrovia, Liberia. Sporadic shelling continued overnight in Monrovia, hitting a church that houses dozens of families and killing at least three. © Chris Hondros / Getty Images
Refugees fleeing the war, Liberia, 2003 © Chris Hondros / Getty Images

Trapped with Liberian dictator Charles Taylor’s forces in besieged Monrovia in the summer of 2003, Chris Hondros braved artillery and rocket fire to send frontline pictures of women and children being killed by the hundreds. His photos ran on front pages around the world and provoked outrage at a brutal war whose victims were almost entirely non-combatants.

MONROVIA, LIBERIA - JULY 20: Joseph Duo, a Liberian militia commander loyal to the government, exults after firing a rocket-propelled grenade at rebel forces at a key strategic bridge July 20, 2003 in Monrovia, Liberia. Government forces succeeded in forcing back rebel forces in fierce fighting on the edge of Monrovia's city center. (Photo by Chris Hondros/Getty Images)

Tim Hetherington, embedded with the LURD rebels in the same period, provided the documentation of the rebels shelling civilians. Even the ruthless Charles Taylor considered him a threat and sent assassination squads to kill the British photojournalist. He barely escaped, only to return and live in Liberia following the conflict. His haunting book, Long Story Bit by Bit: Liberia Retold, has become a standard text of the Liberian Wars.

LIBERIA. Monrovia. June 25th, 2003. A member of the AA (Anti-Aircraft) brigade exchanges a brief tender word with his girlfriend during a heavy fighting in the capital Monrovia.
LIBERIA. Tubmanburg. June 16th, 2003. Young rebel fighter and hand grenade.

Together, these two photographers alerted the world to Liberia’s humanitarian disaster and helped to build the international momentum which resulted in the deployment of a United Nations peacekeeping mission that brought the war to a close, helped set the stage for democratic elections and created a lasting success story for the West African nation and the subregion. The UN closed its Liberia mission last year – the last of three successful operations in the Mano River basin – leaving being a country still fragile but with a fighting chance for peace and development.

LIBERIA. 2004. War graffiti left during the various parts of the Liberian civil war.
LIBERIA. Greenville. September 2005. A fisherman passes the wreck of an old ship off port of Greenville. Liberia is scattered with boat wrecks owing to the 14 year civil war.

An exhibition at the Bronx Documentary Center in New York currently features these photographs, some never before shown. They are a tribute to these journalists, and to the Liberian civilians who protested so powerfully and demanded an end to the violence. In 2011, Tim Hetherington and Chris Hondros, friends and colleagues committed to documenting the truth, were killed by artillery in Misrata, Libya.

LIBERIA. Fish Town. June 2005. Rain clouds gather over the forest near to Fish Town.

War and peace in Liberia

October 26 – December 16, 2018

Bronx Documentary Center
614 Courtlandt Ave
Bronx, NY 10451

www.bronxdoc.org

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